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Newborn jaundice is a yellowing of a baby’s skin and eyes. This is very common and it occurs when babies have high levels of bilirubin - a yellow pigment produced in the body during normal breakdown of red blood cells.   IS IT SERIOUS? Fortunately, Mothers do not need to worry much because newborn jaundice goes away on its own as the baby’s liver starts to develop as well as feeding is introduced. In most cases, jaundice will disappear within 2 to 3 weeks.     HOW TO KNOW YOUR BABY HAS JAUNDICE? IF HE/ SHE HAS… Yellowing of the skin, eyes, palms of the hands or soles of the feet Dark, yellow urine (should be colorless) Pale-colored poo (should be yellow or orange) Sleepiness Poor feeding in baby [caption id="attachment_13936" align="alignnone" width="300"] Extent of Jaundice with Baby[/caption]   CAN NEWBORN JAUNDICE BE PREVENTED? Unfortunately, there’s no real way to prevent newborn jaundice. Mothers should have blood type tested and once the baby is born, the blood type should be tested as well, mainly to rule out the possibility of blood type incompatibility that can lead to newborn jaundice. If your baby does have jaundice, there are still ways to prevent it from becoming more severe.  Make sure your baby is

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MISCARRIAGE? – NUTRITION RELATED RISK (PART 2) In previous article, we had learnt that there are many factors that increases the risks of miscarriage, including nutrition related factors. Today, we will focus on how improper nutrition increases the risks of miscarriage.  Improper nutrition, for instance, includes obesity, excessive alcohol & caffeine, uncontrolled diabetes, severely hypertension (high blood pressure) and certain type of food poisoning greatly link to miscarriage.   1. Obesity It has a massive impact on fertility. It links to other metabolism diseases like diabetes and hypertension which also negatively impact fertility. Tip: Remember to have proper family planning and shed off the extra weight before pregnancy. Engage with healthy eating and an active lifestyle!     2. Excessive Alcohol Excessive alcohol intake increases the risk by changing the body’s hormone patterns and reducing the quality of implantation. The risk is still the same regardless of the type of alcohol consumed (beer, vodka, rum, whiskey, brandy, wine etc.). Tip: Avoid alcohol intake throughout pregnancy period, replace with other similar beverages, example wine to grape juice, beer to non-alcoholic beer.     3. Excessive Caffeine Women who consume excessive caffeine - more than 200 mg per day (two or more cups of regular coffee) have twice the risk

SAFE & CLEAN FOODS FOR YOU AND YOUR BABY Having safe and clean food is very important as food poisoning might occur if it is not well practiced. Here are some tips in regards to how to practice and prepare safe and clean food for you and your family.  *Note that most of the tips are adapted from Malaysian Dietary Guideline (MDG) (2010). You may refer to MDG 2010 for more information.     1. Choose safe and clean foods and beverages Fresh and clean raw foods Processed foods that are appropriately labelled and have not reached expiry date Cans and packaged foods that are not dented or leaking Foods that are processed safely (sterilised, pasteurised, UHT). Buy frozen/ cold foods last when shopping and return home as soon as possible/ use a cooler box to minimize drastic change in temperature for a long period.    2. Store foods appropriately Store foods at the appropriate area and temperatures. Keep perishable foods (milk, yogurt, eggs) and cooked food (not longer than two days) below 5°C, meat category for at least -18°C. Separate raw foods from cooked foods in the refrigerator. Do not overload the refrigerator. Do not keep very hot food in the refrigerator to prevent rise in

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MISCARRIAGE? (PART 1) In Malaysia, loss of a pregnancy in the period of less than 22 weeks of gestation or a foetus weighing less than 500g is considered as miscarriage. It is the most common complication of early pregnancy. The majority (80%) occurs in early pregnancy (9th-13th weeks).   Symptoms of miscarriage The main sign of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding, which may be followed by cramping and pain in lower abdomen. It is advised to contact your doctors if symptoms of miscarriage occur. However, need not to worry much if there is light vaginal bleeding. This is relatively common during the first trimester (first 3 months) of pregnancy and does not necessarily mean a miscarriage occurred.    What causes a miscarriage? There are many reasons causing a miscarriage, some may even not be identifiable. However, thankfully, there are still several insights on what causes a miscarriage according to several evidence.   How to prevent a miscarriage? Majority of the miscarriage cannot be prevented. Fortunately, there are still some things that you can do to the modifiable risk factors- practising good nutrition.  Wondering what are they? What should you do next? Follow us and stay tuned for part two!     Article written by: Dietitian Christabelle Chong Registered Member of Malaysian

Can baby drink sweetened condensed milk? Sweetened condensed milk is yellowish with a high viscous liquid. It is basically concentrated milk, made by removing most of the water from cow’s milk, to which sugar has been added.    Based on the Singapore Food Database, sweetened condensed milk contains plenty of sugar, in which you can find around 50g of sugar in 100ml of sweetened condensed milk! In other words, a serving of 30ml of sweetened condensed milk has just over 15 grams of sugar! It is extremely energy dense, because just 2-3 tablespoons provides approximately 100kcal (1 ½ slices of bread provides equivalent energy too). On top of that, sweetened condensed milk contains little beneficial vitamins and minerals.   Is sweetened condensed milk considered milk for babies? It is obvious that sweetened condensed milk does not meet the nutrients requirement for babies at all ages. It has minimal micronutrients contents with very high energy and sugar. Also, because of lacking complete essential nutrients, babies fed by sweetened condensed milk might have stunted growth with other nutrient related deficiencies. What’s more, it will affect their emerging teeth, and develop a taste preference, particularly sweet tooth, which leads to picky eaters in future. In a nutshell, sweetened condensed milk

Can I feed my newborn & infant below 6 months plain water? While we all know that keeping hydrated is essential for health and well-being, newborn and infants under 6 months old should not be provided with plain water. You probably heard about this, but you might not know why. Here’s why you should not feed your baby any other form of fluid besides breast milk or infant formula.   Why water is dangerous? Water intoxication.  Unlike adults, the vital organs like kidneys of the newborn and infants below 6 months are actually less developed. When their kidneys are provided with excess water that they are able to handle, a condition called hyponatremia occurs. This situation happens when they are unable to process too much water at a time, causing the blood to be over diluted, which is a very dangerous situation that may cause the swelling of the brain and to lesser extent, death.  Nutrient inadequacy. When newborn and infants are fed with plain water, their stomach will be filled with fluid without nutrients, and this will negatively impact their growth and development.    When is the right time to feed them water? You can start to feed your newborn or infant water when you start

Breast Feeding Shrinks My Uterus?   As pregnancy progresses, the uterus grows bigger to accommodate the fetus. By the time your baby is born, your uterus would have expanded to many times its normal size.  After the process of delivery, the uterus goes through a process called involution, which helps it return to its previous size. The hormone-oxytocin helps the process of involution. Oxytocin is released when mothers’ breasts are stimulated by suckling or pumping. When the oxytocin level is increased in the body, the uterus starts to shrink back until it returns to the pre- pregnancy size. After breastfeeding is established, the body may release oxytocin. Besides breastfeeding, events like when you hear a baby cry, think of your baby, or have sexual intercourse will promote stimulation of oxytocin. When this occurs, your breasts may leak milk whether or not you are actively breastfeeding or pumping. Do you realize that when you are in a state of anxiety, embarrassment or annoyed, your breastmilk production is reduced? Yes, this is because your body may not secrete oxytocin when you are in these states. So, you may need to breastfeed in a more relaxing, quiet, familiar, private place for the let-down to occur.   Article written by: Nutritionist Foo Kai

How to have a good confinement Confinement is to restore the maternal body to its pre-pregnancy state through special care and recuperation. This recovery period usually takes 4-6 weeks.   Therefore, appropriate conditioning should be given according to different stages. 1) Uterine contraction and wound healing 2) To replenish qi, blood, and promote digestive function 3) Promote recovery of organs and physical strength 4) Strengthen muscles and bones, enhance immunity and body function   According to their different physiques, women need to use diet to promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, promote wound healing, replenish protein, restore uterine function, and improve the quality and quantity of breast milk to regulate the body.   Therefore, confinement is not only about eating well, but also requires four stages of conditioning to achieve the effect of confinement and recovery before pregnancy.

The Dragon Boat Festival is here and there are all kinds of delicious rice dumpling in the market. Postpartum Mothers who love rice dumpling can't help but worry about whether they can eat it? Does eating rice dumpling affect the baby? Will it affect breastfeeding?   Can confinement mothers eat glutinous rice while breastfeeding? The main component of rice dumpling – glutinous rice, is rich in vitamin B. It can warm the spleen and stomach and replenish the qi. It is a mild tonic and has the functions of nourishing deficiency, nourishing blood, invigorating the spleen and stomach, and antiperspirant.   Can Mother eat rice dumplings during confinement? Confinement Mothers can eat rice dumplings, which can be avoided on an empty stomach in moderation, but it is not recommended for people with gestational diabetes. When eating rice dumpling, it can be matched with vegetables and fruits to help intestinal and gastric peristalsis and avoid causing intestinal and gastrointestinal indigestion.   How to eat rice dumplings scientifically? The main ingredient can be replaced with some miscellaneous grains rice, red beans, barley, Huai Shan, yam or sweet potato, which not only increases the fibre content, but is also beneficial to health. The stuffing can be replaced with lean meat or even chicken,

What are Lactation Cookies? The lactation cookies are made of natural and healthy prolactin ingredients to allow breast feeding mothers to take in proper nutrition and vitamins, thereby promoting breast milk production. Nursing mothers need to add about 500 calories a day. In other words, if there is not enough energy and nutrient intake, the production of breast milk will be affected in terms of quality and volume. Therefore, in order for mothers to get more energy intake every day, edible prolactin cakes, because they are full of energy and nutrients from oatmeal and flaxseed!   Ingredient Nutrition Fact OATMEAL According to the University of Wisconsin’s Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, the iron and protein content in oatmeal may enhance the breast milk supply. Besides that, oatmeal is also loaded with other minerals and antioxidants such as manganese, zinc, phosphorus, vitamin Bs and dietary fibre to promote good health to mother and the baby!   FLAXSEED As for flaxseeds, they have the estrogenic properties that help in breast milk production. Flaxseed provides healthy fats that are a healthy component of breast milk to promote a child's brain development.   BREWER’S YEAST Brewer’s yeast is one of the galactagogue products, which helps in promoting breast milk production. It’s also rich

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