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Newborn jaundice is a yellowing of a baby’s skin and eyes. This is very common and it occurs when babies have high levels of bilirubin - a yellow pigment produced in the body during normal breakdown of red blood cells.   IS IT SERIOUS? Fortunately, Mothers do not need to worry much because newborn jaundice goes away on its own as the baby’s liver starts to develop as well as feeding is introduced. In most cases, jaundice will disappear within 2 to 3 weeks.     HOW TO KNOW YOUR BABY HAS JAUNDICE? IF HE/ SHE HAS… Yellowing of the skin, eyes, palms of the hands or soles of the feet Dark, yellow urine (should be colorless) Pale-colored poo (should be yellow or orange) Sleepiness Poor feeding in baby [caption id="attachment_13936" align="alignnone" width="300"] Extent of Jaundice with Baby[/caption]   CAN NEWBORN JAUNDICE BE PREVENTED? Unfortunately, there’s no real way to prevent newborn jaundice. Mothers should have blood type tested and once the baby is born, the blood type should be tested as well, mainly to rule out the possibility of blood type incompatibility that can lead to newborn jaundice. If your baby does have jaundice, there are still ways to prevent it from becoming more severe.  Make sure your baby is

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MISCARRIAGE? – NUTRITION RELATED RISK (PART 2) In previous article, we had learnt that there are many factors that increases the risks of miscarriage, including nutrition related factors. Today, we will focus on how improper nutrition increases the risks of miscarriage.  Improper nutrition, for instance, includes obesity, excessive alcohol & caffeine, uncontrolled diabetes, severely hypertension (high blood pressure) and certain type of food poisoning greatly link to miscarriage.   1. Obesity It has a massive impact on fertility. It links to other metabolism diseases like diabetes and hypertension which also negatively impact fertility. Tip: Remember to have proper family planning and shed off the extra weight before pregnancy. Engage with healthy eating and an active lifestyle!     2. Excessive Alcohol Excessive alcohol intake increases the risk by changing the body’s hormone patterns and reducing the quality of implantation. The risk is still the same regardless of the type of alcohol consumed (beer, vodka, rum, whiskey, brandy, wine etc.). Tip: Avoid alcohol intake throughout pregnancy period, replace with other similar beverages, example wine to grape juice, beer to non-alcoholic beer.     3. Excessive Caffeine Women who consume excessive caffeine - more than 200 mg per day (two or more cups of regular coffee) have twice the risk

SAFE & CLEAN FOODS FOR YOU AND YOUR BABY Having safe and clean food is very important as food poisoning might occur if it is not well practiced. Here are some tips in regards to how to practice and prepare safe and clean food for you and your family.  *Note that most of the tips are adapted from Malaysian Dietary Guideline (MDG) (2010). You may refer to MDG 2010 for more information.     1. Choose safe and clean foods and beverages Fresh and clean raw foods Processed foods that are appropriately labelled and have not reached expiry date Cans and packaged foods that are not dented or leaking Foods that are processed safely (sterilised, pasteurised, UHT). Buy frozen/ cold foods last when shopping and return home as soon as possible/ use a cooler box to minimize drastic change in temperature for a long period.    2. Store foods appropriately Store foods at the appropriate area and temperatures. Keep perishable foods (milk, yogurt, eggs) and cooked food (not longer than two days) below 5°C, meat category for at least -18°C. Separate raw foods from cooked foods in the refrigerator. Do not overload the refrigerator. Do not keep very hot food in the refrigerator to prevent rise in

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